Harappan people were mostly peasants and thus the Harappan civilization was an agro-commercial civilization. A trade point between Harappa and Babylon, Evidence of both pre-Harappan and Harappan culture, The Early Harappan Phase is related to the, By 2600 BC, the Indus Valley Civilization had entered into a, The early Harappan communities were turning into large urban centers, like. Most Important 50 MCQ of Indus Valley Civilization. Harappan Civilization which aroge on the foundation of pastoral and agricultuial communities and small townships. Situated on the Bank of river Indus in Larkana district of Punjab (Pakistan). It was meant for ritual bathing. C. Both A and B. Students can complete and submit their work using fillabl. Salini at Harappa. The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. … Harappan Burials . UPSC Exam; UPSC NCERT Books; Harappan Burials. While IVC is on the banks of Indus, Egyptian Civilization flourished on the banks of the river Nile, Mesopotamian Civilization flourished on the banks of Tigris or Euphrates river and Chinese Civilization flourished on the banks of Hwang Ho river. The excavation team was led by Daya Ram Sahni. ; It is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of mankind. On the valleys of river Indus. A dockyard has been found at Lothal which is the longest building of Harappan Civilization. Since at … These cultures were associated with distinctive pottery, evidence of agriculture and pastoralism; Grains found at Harappan sites include wheat, barley, lentil, chickpea and sesame. It extended from Jammu in the north to the Naramada estuary in the south, and from the Makran coast of Baluchistan in the west to Meerut in the north-east. Apart from making artefacts out of pure copper, Harappan craftspersons alloyed copper with arsenic, tin, or nickel. The area formed a triangle and accounted … Citadels were occupied by members of the ruling class and the lower town was inhabited by the common people. Chinese Village in Arunachal Pradesh: Simplified – Watch On YouTube, UPSC Mains 2020 Paper Discussion by Drishti IAS | Internal Security & Governance – Watch On YouTube, Rationalisation of Autonomous Bodies - In News – Watch On YouTube, Today's GK - January 19, 2021 | Drishti IAS English – Watch On YouTube, Need of a more transparent approach in the vaccination campaign | Editorial Analysis -Jan 19, 2021 – Watch On YouTube, Balance Sheet of a Bad Bank: Simplified – Watch On YouTube, K-SHAPED RECOVERY- Simplified – Watch On YouTube, Drishti The Vision(A Unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. Harappans worshipped the mother Goddess. The Indus valley people were very fond of ornaments (of gold, silver, ivory, copper, bronze and precious stones) and dressing up. Many sites in Sind formed the central zone of the pre-Harappan culture. Kot Dijian (Early Harappan) phase Circa 2800-2600 BC Harappan Phase Circa 2600-1900 BC Transitional Phase Circa 1900-1800 BC Late Harappan Phase Circa 1800-1300 BC Important Findings. Land and sea trade was in vogue in Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus valley civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization and is famous for its systematic planning based on the grid system. No clear evidence of rice has been found. In the 1920s, the excavations were carried out in the Indus Valley regions, where ruins of the old cities were found. The late Harappan phase from 1900 BC to 1300 BC. But early Indus Valley Civilization had existed even before BC.2700. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a bronze-age civilization. Harappan culture was famous for its distinguished system of town planning. The Harappan civilization is referred to as a bronze age civilization, mostly unalloyed copper was used for manufacturing artefacts, and only rarely tin was alloyed in copper to make bronze. Bangle making and shell ornament making was also practiced. The Yogi on the seal is surrounded by buffalo, tiger, elephant, rhinoceros, and deer. Beginning of city life. It is called Harappan civilization because this civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modem site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. Daily Current Affairs for Exam and More. The Harappan civilization along the now-defunct Sarasvati river gradually deurbanized due to declining monsoons, rather than collapsed abruptly. Get in touch with our course counselors to get more information about our courses. 2. Till 1920, the relics of the civilization were found only in the Indus valley region; therefore, it was known as the Indus civilization. All rights reserved    |, Sociology Mains Test Series 2020 - Join Now, Prelims Test Series 2021 (Online) - Join Now. 2. 2700- BC.1900 ie for 800 years. Their most important artistic work are seals. Features of Indus Valley Civilization BC. HOME Menu Toggle. Features of Indus Valley Civilization. Harappan civilization forms part of the proto history of India i.e. They also carried commerce with those in the land of the, The Harappans carried on long distance trade in, The Harappans were very well acquainted with the, The potter's wheel was in full use, and the Harappans produced their. For UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU’S. Across the border of India and Pakistan, known as the Pre-Harappan phase of Indus-Saraswati civilization. Granary was the largest building of Mohenjodaro. It was believed to be a hub of art and culture and architecture. Ltd.)641, 1st Floor, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Opp Signature View Apartment, New Delhi-110009, Please login or register to view note list, Please login or register to list article as bookmarked, Please login or register to make your note, Please login or register to list article as progressed, Copyright © 2018-2021 Drishti The Vision Foundation, India. In this article, we will discuss important points of Indus Valley Civilization for the Civil Services Examination. At his feet appear two deer.The depicted god is identified as, The IVC declined around 1800 BCE but the actual. Get all the details of our online courses here. • Mughal suggests that Harappan civilization came to an end with the drying-up of the Hakra about 2500BC. Towns were divided into parts namely citadel and lower town. Skip to content. The signs of a gradual decline of the Indus River Valley Civilization are believed to have started around 1800 BC and by 1700 BC, most of the cities were abandoned. Read more about Indus Valley Civilization, town planning in IVC and other IVC facts for IAS Exam. The remarkable thing about the arrangement of the houses in the cities is that they followed the, In almost all cities every big or small house had its own, At sites such as Dholavira and Lothal (Gujarat), the entire settlement was. 1. The geographical spread of Harappan Civilization with special reference to some important centres has been highlighted. It is considered one of the earliest urbanized civilization of the world. Click here for Online Inquiry form to join Drishti IAS programmes. Harappan Civilization, also known as Indus Valley Civilization, had flourished across the area of the North-Western part of the Indian subcontinent around 2500 BC. Harappan civilization[since Harappa was the first place to be discovered] or Indus valley civilization[it is located on the banks of Indus River] is 5000 year old civilization. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives and lifestyles of our ancestors. The Indus valley civilization gradually developed to a full-fledged civilization which has been established through a continuous sequence of strata named as Pre-Harappan, Early Harappan, Mature Harappan and Late Harappan … In southwestern Balochistan province, Pakistan on Dast river, Gujarat on Bhogva river near Gulf of Cambay. The script, however, is not alphabetical but pictographic and it has not been deciphered yet. Seals are made of steatite and they are square in shape. • Enormous quantities of wood were needed to make copper and bronze and Ratnagar maintains that, this would have devastated the surroundings forests. Hence, it was called an urban civilization. In 1924, John Marshall, the then Director-General of the Department of Archaeology announced the discovery of Indus Valley Civilization. The Harappan Civilization (MCQ - 2) 1. Indus Valley Civilization: NCERT History MCQs for UPSC IAS/State PSC and other exams. Harappan Sites discovered … Also known as Harappan Civilization. Answer: The remains of the two towns, Mohenjo-daro and Harappan reveal and remarkable sense of town planning—the drainage system, the Great Bath, … Download Indus Valley Civilization notes PDF. Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) forms a vital portion of Ancient Indian History and questions from the same … But on the whole almost everyone has accepted the period of Harappan civilization from 3000 BC to 1500 BC. Indus Valley Civilization is the home to the largest of the four of its contemporary urban civilizations namely Mesopotamian or Sumerian Civilization, Egyptian Civilization, and Chinese Civilization. History: Indus valley civilization [2500 BC-1500 BC]-The sensational discoveries made at Harappa in West Punjab and Mohenjodaro in Sind has revolutionized idea of ancient Indian history. More than 4000 specimens of scripts were found in excavations. Known as Harappan Civilisation, it existed between 3300 BC to 1900 BC. • Ecological destruction theory is that the Indus valley civilization was a Bronze Age culture, which began in 3000 BC. The mature Harappan phase from 2600 BC to 1900 BC. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated in 1921 under the supervision of Daya Ram Sahni. It extended from Manda in Jammu in the north to Daimabad in the south and from Alamgirpur in western U.P to Sulkagendor in Baluchistan in the west. Indus Valley Civilisation or Harappan Civilisation is an important Period of Ancient History. Indus Valley Civilization/ Harappan Civilization- social, economic, cultural activities during this period; art and crafts : Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements:(2011) It was predominantly a secular civilization and the religious element, though present, did not dominate the scene, In later cultures various elements of the IVC are found which suggest that civilization did not disappear suddenly due to an invasion. Currently the Harappan civilization dates back to 2300 BC to 1750 through radiocarbon 14 experiments. Copper and bronze artefacts included vessels, spears, knives, short swords, arrowheads, axes, fishhooks, needles, mirrors, rings, and bangles. This falsifies the AIT account that the Rig Veda … Millets are found from sites … While the prevalence of agriculture is indicated by finds of grain, it is more, Representations on seals and terracotta sculpture indicate that the. Get Drishti Publications books & magazines on Amazon - click here! UPSC Express. Let us learn about this very important part of our history. Harappan civilization is one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. Which was the most frequently depicted aminal. QUESTION: 9 Give chronological order of their discovery We will discuss art and culture and basic features. Subjects: Social Studies - History, Ancient History, Other (Social Studies - … The Harappan culture arose in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent. C. Both A and B. D. None of these. ICSE Solutions Selina ICSE Solutions ML Aggarwal Solutions. Skip to content. Indian History Question Bank Free PDF Download. Mohenjodaro and Harappawere unearthed. Ornaments were worn by both men and women, rich or poor. In 1920-21, the Harappan civilization was discovered in the excavations by D. R. Salini (at Harappa) and by R. D. Banerjee (at Mohenjo Daro). This is the brief overview of Indus Valley Civilization for the UPSC Civil Services Examination. Chanhudaro was the only town without a citadel. While rice uses were relatively rare. What were the main characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilization? The early Harappan phase from 3300 BC to 2600 BC. In Indus Valley Civilization, pottery was an important industry and the significance of the pottery can be noted from the fact that harappan pictographical scripts were mainly found on potteries. It attempts to familiarise … Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated in 1921 under the supervision of Daya Ram Sahni. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. However, one can see the various elements of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization in later cultures. Indian culture Indus Valley . In the current scenario, while all the offline coaching for UPSC is closed, you can rely on our online courses and study material for your preparation. To which age … Beneficial for SSC , Bank, UPSC, CDS, NDA, Railway NTPC & All Govt Exams. Question 1. Only simple pottery of daily use and some scattered objects are kept indicating … It flourished from around 2500 BC to 1750 BC. Harappans were the earliest people to grow cotton. In the video titled "Ancient History: 2.1 Indus Valley Civilization - Prepare for UPSC IAS" presented by Dr. Roman Saini, various themes of significance such as Pre History, Harappan Civilisation, Characteristics of Indus Valley Civilisation etc.have been dealt with in detail. ; The remains of the civilization were first noticed at Harappa, therefore it is also known as the Harappan civilization. Explanation: Harappan Civilization covered part of Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Gujarat, Rajastan and some parts of Western U.P. Town Planning. One theory claims that Indo-European tribe i.e. Indus Valley Civilization (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. Drains were built of burnt bricks and covered by stone lids. Indus Valley Civilization marks the beginning of the history of India. The Indus valley civilization is also called the Harappan culture. Harrapan civilisation: a very important topic for upsc prelims as well as mains examination. It refers to the continuity of the population and material traditions between Early Harappan and Harappan Civilization. ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Harappan Civilization. The Early Harappan Culture was the product of the gradual development of those early farming communities, which were emerged in greater Indus-Saraswati plain and piedmont areas. This topic is extensively discussed in our General Studies-I course for the UPSC Mains exam. 1. In this lecture, Shivangi will discuss about the Harappan Culture - The Bronze Age Civilization for UPSC CSE 2021 aspirants. 80% of the settlements were on the banks of the now lost Saraswati River. Explore General Studies - I Online Course. The history of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as Harappan Civilization. It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. Indus Valley Civilization. 1. Indus valley civilization of India is even superior to that of Mesopotamia and Egypt.The Indus-Valley people were well-acquainted with the use both of cotton and wool. Recently, there has been a tendency to push back the time limit on both sides of the test method called Dendrochronology. Situated on the bank of river Ravi in Montgomery district of Punjab (Pakistan). Hence, the correct answer is option D. Q10. 3. In this article, we are providing you with a PDF which contains Important facts related to Indus Valley Civilization, Pre History Sites, their location, specification etc. Other crops that they grew included pulses, cereals, cotton, dates, melons, pea, sesamum, and mustard. Town planning is the most important and distinguishing feature of the Harappan Civilization. the script is there, but it cannot be deciphered and belongs to the Bronze Age. Banerjee at Mohenjodaro and by D.R. IAS Current Affairs. Generally, 1-2 MCQ type questions are asked in Prelims and question can be asked in the Mains exam well. The Indus Valley (Harappan Civilization): InstructionsThe main objective of this lesson is for students to analyze Harappan artifacts and make inferences about what Harappan society was like.Resources have been updated for Digital Learning! The first city to be unearthed was Harappa. Origin. 2700- BC.1900 ie. Since it belongs to the Bronze/Chalcolithic age, it is also known as the Bronze Age Civilization. It is believed that the Indus Valley region experienced several. Wheat, barley, rai, peas, sesame, lentil, chickpea and mustard were produced. There were several archaeological cultures in the region prior to the Mature Harappan. … Harappa was the first site of the civilization to be excavated in 1921. There are four important stages or phases of evolution. B. Drainage System. A building called Great Bath has been found at Mohenjodaro. It is called Harappan because this civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. for 800 years. Exercises. MYUPSC - GRASP IAS Main Menu. THE Harappan civilization was discovered in 1920-21 following the excavations by R.D. If we look for a centre of power or for depictions of people in power, Some archaeologists are of the opinion that Harappan society had, Another theory argues that there was no single ruler, but, The Harappans, therefore, looked upon the earth as a, This god is surrounded by an elephant, a tiger, a rhinoceros, and has a buffalo below his throne. It is evident from the terracotta figurine recovered from Harappa. Millets are also found from sites in Gujarat. General Studies I; General Studies II; General Studies III; General Studies IV; Exam Date Update; About Us; … It flourished around 2500 years ago in the western part of Asia which comes in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. They practised navigation on the coast of the Arabian Sea. Pashupati seal has been found in Mohenjodaro in which a Yogi has been depicted. The use of baked bricks in Harappan cities is remarkable. The most important public place for Mohenjodaro seems to be great bath. In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. Home; Daily Current Affairs; SYLLABUS. They grew wheat and barley on a large scale. Indus Valley Civilization Pottery, remained plain most of the times and it further enabled us to understand the gradual evolution of various design motifs as employed in different shapes, and … Critics of AIT note that Sarasvati river is extensively mentioned in the Rig Veda, and is referred to as “greatest of rivers”. Archaeological data indicates the persistence of the Late Harappan culture till 1000-900 BC. The burials of Harappans are simple with fewer grave goods. Although the Harappans practised agriculture, The importance of trade in the life of the Indus people is witnessed by the, Metal money was not used and trade was carried by. No evidence of temples has been found in this civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization spreading from today’s North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-West India. A. 4. Ans . Another important feature of IVC is the drainage system. These question will make you to score better in your competitive exams. Mention any two sources to reconstruct the Harappan Civilization. The Harappan civilization is marked by a large number of copper objects. There is a clear absence of large monumental burials indicating absence of kings. In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. May 26 2015 • Uncategorized • 1023 Views • No Comments on Harappan Burials. Harappan Civilization Centenary Of Discovery UPSC IAS.

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